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Baptism of the Holy Spirit


This message on "the baptism of the Holy Spirit" is part of a series

Please look at the charts below as they show very clearly a number of things that you won't hear in many messages about baptism by the Holy Spirit. 

To begin with, while the title of this page speaks of baptism "of" the Holy Spirit, this is only because it is the phrase most used by Christians to refer to the giving of the Spirit.  You will not find any reference in Scripture to the baptism "of" the Holy Spirit.  This event is only referred to as baptism "by" or "with" the Holy Spirit.  The reason is, as John the baptist explained, that Jesus is the one who baptises "with" the Holy Spirit.  The Spirit does not do the baptising but rather is the agent or the means by which Jesus baptises a believer into the body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:13). 

If you look at the first chart below, you will see that the Pentecost event is referred to in 8 DIFFERENT ways.  In Acts chapters 1-2 it is spoken of ...

by Jesus before Pentecost,
by Luke (who wrote Acts) about Pentecost ie. when it happened, and then
by Peter in his sermon after Pentecost. 

8 DIFFERENT phrases/words are used to describe ONE event.  Having introduced these all in such a short space, and knowing that they all refer to  the one event, we can be confident  that when these words are used later on on the same book of Acts (as they are), that they too are referring to the same event (even if the same word of phrase is not used each time).  The event they all refer to is Jesus baptising believers (Luke 3:16, Acts 1:5) with the promised Holy Spirit (Acts 1:4, 2:39) into the body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:13).  

Listen to "Baptism of the Holy Spirit - Introduction" (text message below on this page)


Download - Baptism of the Holy Spirit: Introduction


Listen to "Baptism of the Holy Spirit I - What is it and when do you receive it?"



Download - Baptism of the Holy Spirit I


The giving of the Holy Spirit to believers in book of Acts

The one baptism of Eph. 4:5 (water baptism being the symbol of this)

 

Jews                                                    Acts 1-2 (Jesus message, Pentecost, Peter's sermon)

Samaritans                                          Acts 8:15-19

Paul ("the chief of sinners")                Acts 9:17

Gentiles in Israel - Caesarea              Acts 10:44-47 and 11:15-24

Gentiles outside Israel -  Ephesus      Acts 19:1-6

 


Words and phrases used in Acts to describe the giving of the Holy Spirit to believers

Words beside each reference are paraphrases but the key word is always a direct quote from Modern KJV

 

Note - a description is not a prescription


SPIRIT GIVEN AT PENTECOST

Acts 1:4           The promise of the Father Come upon

Acts 1:5           Baptised with the Holy Spirit

Acts 1:8           Receive power [from the Holy Spirit]

Acts 2:4           Filled with the Holy Spirit

Acts 2:17         Poured out on all flesh (who believe)

Acts 2:18         Pour out my Spirit (on my servants and my hand maidens

[2:21                and all who call on the name of the Lord shall be saved]

Acts 2:33         Jesus received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit

                                    NOTE: THIS WAS AFTER BEIG EXALTED TO THE RIGHT HAND OF THE FATHER

                                    The Spirit could not come until then.

                        Jesus has poured out [what you see and hear]

Acts 2:38         Repent and be baptised and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit

Acts 2:39         The promise is for you and your children and all who are far off - for all whom the Lord our God

                        will call.

 

 

LIVING THE SPIRIT FILLED LIFE

Acts 4:8           "Then Peter filled with the Holy Spirit said to them...."  4:13 they noticed the boldness of Peter.

                                    This is a different Peter to the one who denied Jesus & later hid from the authorities.

                                    The difference being that since Pentecost he is now filled with the Spirit.  This is Peter filled with the Holy Spirit.

Acts 4:31         They were Filled with Holy Spirit and spoke word boldly.  Not baptised with Spirit again but filled

                        from within, from the INDWELLING Spirit. Similar to Peter being filled in the very same chapter.

                        You could equally say, they were empowered by the Spirit to speak in the way they did.  This is now how believers live

                        by the power and filling of the Spirit, which was poured out on them when they believed.

                                    Philippians 1:11 filled with fruit of righteousness

                                    Because they were filled at Pentecost, they were therefore able to speak in this way, filled

                                    with the Spirit

Acts 6:3           Find seven men, full of the Holy Spirit.  (ie. Men who were known for a life lived in submission the t                        he control of the Holy Spirit and thus demonstrating the Spirit's love and power)

Acts 6:5           They chose Stephen a man full of the Holy Spirit

Acts 7:55         Stephen, being full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven. (NB: not "filled again" but "being filled").  As Luke writes the book of Acts, he seeks to make it plain that the things which the disciples did were not done out of their own strength but  out of the fullness of the indwelling Spirit. ie. Jesus was still with his people and this was through the Holy Spirit.  

                        Ephesians 5:18 literally says, "Be being filled with the Spirit."  - ie. be continually under the Spirit's control

 

 

SPIRIT GIVEN AT SAMARAIA, DAMASCUS and CAESAREA,

In the passages that follow, the coming of the Holy Spirit into a believers life is described in one of the ways mentioned in chaps 1-2, thus showing these outpourings to be the same giving of the Spirit that those at Pentecost experienced. 

 

Acts 8:15         Receive the Holy Spirit

Acts 8:16         The Spirit had fallen upon none of them

                        Baptism with the Holy Spirit implied (they had only been baptised in Jesus name)

Acts 8:17         They received the Holy Spirit

Acts 8:19         Receive the Holy Spirit (Simon's the magician's request)

Acts 9:17         Saul would be Filled with the Holy Spirit (promise, through Ananias, no mention of it happening)

Acts 10:44       Holy Spirit fell on all those hearing the word

Acts 10:45       The gift of the Holy Spirit's    

                        [the Holy Spirit was] poured out on the Gentiles

Acts 10:47       These people had receive the Holy Spirit [NB: did not ask for or actively seek or prayed for]

Acts 11:15       the Holy Spirit fell upon them (as upon us) ie. We got the same gift.   

Acts 11:16       you shall be baptised with the Holy Spirit (Peter remember's Jesus words)

Acts 11:17       Gentiles given the "same gift as he gave us when we believed" ie. The Holy Spirit. 

                                    References to the gift are to the gift Holy Spirit and not gifts of the Holy Spirit.

                                    ie. Gentiles and Jews were given the gift of the Holy Spirit.  "Neither Jew nor Greek" 

                                    The remarkable thing to Peter was not people speaking in tongues but people getting the Holy Spirit.  Salvation was for the Gentiles as well as Jews!    cf. Acts 15

 

 

LIVING THE SPIRIT FILLED LIFE

Acts 11:24       Barnabas was a good man  and full of the Holy Spirit

Acts 13:9         Paul filled with the Holy Spirit spoke a word of judgement against Elymas a sorcerer

                        NB: in contrast to Paul, the sorcerer was FULL of subtlety & mischief, a child of the devil

Acts 13:52       Disciples full of joy and the Holy Spirit after being expelled from an areas for preaching

Acts 15:8-11    Brothers, you know that some time ago God made a choice among you that the Gentiles might

                        hear from my lips the message of the gospel and believe.  God, who knows the heart, showed that

                        he accepted them by giving the Holy Spirit to them just as he did to us.  He made no distinction

                        between us and them for he purified their hearts by faith.  ... We believe it is through the grace of our Lord Jesus that we are saved, just as they are. 

                       

 

SPIRIT GIVEN TO GENTILES AT EPHESUS

Acts 19:2         Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed (Paul expected the Spirit to be given upon belief and was surprised it had not.  The norm was to receive upon belief.  But he discovered upon questioning these disciples that they were OT believers and had not come to faith in Christ.  So he preached Christ to them.  These people then believed and were baptised in Jesus name and when Paul laid his hands on them and the Spirit came upon them.  Note: they were not told to seek "the baptism of the Spirit".  Paul just prayed and God did what he promised (Acts 2:39). 

Acts 19:6         The Holy Spirit came upon them. 

 

 

LIVING THE SPIRIT FILLED LIFE

Just keep reading through Acts...

 

SPECIAL NOTE ON ACTS 8:15-19           

 

Doesn't this passage teach that the baptism by the Holy Spirit is a second work of grace?

 

History: The Samaritans were greatly despised by the Jews because of their impure blood lines and their religious deviations from orthodox Judaism. Following the fall of the northern kingdom in 722B.C., the largely depopulated region was resettled by colonists brought in by the Assyrians from various parts of their empire (2 Kings 17:24). They intermarried with the Jews who had been left behind, and the "Samaritans" were their descendants. The rebuilding of the temple and the walls of Jerusalem brought opposition from the Samaritans, and eventually a rival temple was built on Mt. Gerizim. Ever since then the Jews had "no dealings with the Samaritans" (John 4:9), and the feeling were reciprocated. Thus for Philip to share his faith with Samaritans was a most uncommon act.  If Jews had to travel past Samaria, instead of taking the sensible route through it, they would actually walk the long distance around Samaria.  Remember the shock of Jesus disciples when they found him talking with a Samaritan woman.  Significant that it is to this Samaritan woman that Jesus says, the Holy Spirit would be given to those who believe. 

 

Why is there a gap between their believing and their baptism with the Holy Spirit? Is this a second work of grace? No! This is a providential work of God. The Samaritans needed to be shown the truth of John 4:22 Jesus had said to the Samaritan woman, "Salvation is of the Jews."  And so Peter and John, Jesus apostles and both Jews, are sent to Samaria when they heard Samaritans had believed in Jesus and been baptised in Jesus name.  This act connected the Samaritans with Jerusalem so the schism would not be carried over into the church. The Jews and Samaritans are one in Christ.  In Paul's letters to the early Churches he kept emphasising this.  NB: when he writes to the Corinthians (1 Cor. 12:13) it is when he is talking about baptism with the Spirit.  So this period of delay from believing in Jesus and being baptised with the Holy Spirit, preserved the unity of the body.


Chart 1.  Different descriptions of the giving of the Spirit on Pentecost


JESUS

 

Promise

Come Upon

Baptised

Receive

 

Acts  1-2

P

E

N

T

E

C

O

S

T

 

Filled

PETER

 

Promise (2)

 

 

Receive

Gift

Poured Out (3)

 

 

 

Chart 2.  Different descriptions of the giving of the Spirit at Samaria


LUKE

 

 

Fell

 

Receive

Gift

Poured Out

Acts 10-11

C

A

E

S

A

R

E

A

 

PETER

 

 

Fell Upon

Baptised

 

Same Gift

 

 


 

Chart 3.  Different descriptions of the Spirit being given in Acts. 

All are conversion stories (except Pentecost where they were already Christians)

Note: all words and phrases the same as used to describe Pentecost

 

Acts 1-2

Pentecost+3000

Acts 8

Samaria

Peter and John witness

Acts 9

Paul

Acts 10-11

Caesarea

Peter witnesses

Acts 19

Ephesus

Paul witnesses

Promise (3)

 

 

 

 

Come Upon

 

 

 

Come upon

(Fell – ch.11)

Fall upon

 

Fell upon (2)

 

Baptise

Baptise

 

Baptise

 

Receive (2)

Receive (3)

 

Receive

Receive

Filled

 

Filled

 

 

Gift

 

 

Gift, same Gift

 

Poured Out (3)

 

 

Poured out

 


Chart 4.  Key passages in Acts where people Repent and then Receive the Holy Spirit

 

Acts 1-2

Pentecost

Jerusalem

Acts 2

3000

Jerusalem

Acts 8

Samaria

 

Acts 9

Paul

Described himself “chief of sinners”

Acts 10-11

Caesarea

Gentiles living inside Israel

Acts 19

Ephesus

Gentiles living outside  Israel

Jesus risen & appears 40 days

 

 

Vision of Jesus & blindness

Vision to Peter & Cornelius

 

 

 

 

 

 

JB's disciples  asked if they received Spirit

Word preached

by Jesus

Word preached

by Peter

Word preached

by Philip

Jesus speaks

Word preached

by Peter,

Jesus appointed leader of the early church and key speaker at Jerusalem Council

Word preached

by Paul,

 “apostle to the Gentiles”          Rom. 11:13,               2 Timothy 1:11

Told to wait in Jerusalem

 

 

Commanded to go into the city

 

 

 

Spirit is gift to all who believe

 

 

 

 

Saved Believers

Conversions

Conversions

 

Conversions

Conversions

 

Water baptism

Water baptism

 

 

Water baptism

 

 

Apostles in Jer.  send Peter & John when hear

Ananias has vision and sent to Paul

 

 

 

 

Delay of Spirit

 

No delay

 

Of one accord, Sitting in house

 

 

Pray, 3 day food & water Fast & Vision

 

 

 

 

Pray for Spirit

 

No prayer

 

 

 

 

(Conversion)

 

 

 

 

Hands Laid

Hands laid

No hands

Hands laid

 

 

Spirit received

Spirit & Sight

Spirit received

 

Sound like wind

 

 

 

 

 

Tongues of fire

 

 

 

 

 

Speak Tongues

 

Something visible but not told

 

Speak Tongues

Spoke Tongues

 

 

 

 

Magnify God

Prophesied

 

 

 

Water baptism

Water baptism

 


What pattern or conditions can be found here?  


Some things happen in ALL situations:  Word Peached, People Believe, Water Baptism, Spirit Received

Some things happen in only SOME situations: eg. delay of Spirit's coming, laying on of hands, tongues

Some things happen in only ONE situation: eg. sound like wind, blindness, disciples asked if they received


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